Bekaa lies between the two parallel
mountain ranges in Lebanon. It is a fertile land irrigated by the Litany river
and is the largest agricultural area in Lebanon, with an advanced
winery industry of international standards. It is the tip of the Great Rift
Valley that stretches into Africa. The Phoenician inscriptions of 1400 BC has
described the Bekaa as the Place for the Gods’.
Bekaa is also rich in archaeology and history has
left some of its most famous monuments scattered all over this region.
archaeological site excavated 40 years ago and one of the few surviving ruins of
the 8th century umayyad period. Anjar was a hunting grounds and a resort for the
traveling princes of the period. Still intact are the city’s walls and gates
surrounding the twin palaces of the caliph. The remains of 600 shops indicate
that Anjar was also an important trading centre that drew traders from all
corners of the land. Arcades, engravings and symbols show the Roman-Byzantine
influence on the umayyad architecture.
Baalbeck A most fascinating historical site with majestic Roman temples of
gigantic size, the tallest ever erected columns, and largest stones ever cut,
are still standing in perfect balance and harmony deceiving the eye in the first
instance, as to their actual size. A new temple has been discovered in 1995 and
is being excavated and an umayyad mosque still stands in the city centre.
Baalbeck, in the past, enjoyed an annual international festival of dance, music
and drama staged at the Roman temples. This proud tradition will soon be
Zahle Called The Bride of the Bekaa’ because of
its natural beauty and marvellous scenery. Located
on the banks of the Bardouni River where there are many riverside restaurants
famous for their cuisine.
Chtaura Another town that is famous for its
healthy dry climate and delicious foods served by its
restaurants. Both Zahle and Chtaura serve as a resting base from where many
historical sites can be
visited a short distance away.
Hermel Has two interesting sites. A pyramid
believed to the tomb chamber of a Syrian prince around the 2nd century BC, and
the monastery of St. Maroun which is a grotto carved in the mountain rocks.
What to See
- Baalbeck Roman Temples and Umaayyad
- Anjar Ummayyad ancient city
- Roman Temples at Niha near Zahle
- Rock cut Roman Tombs at Furzol near
- Noah’s Tomb as claimed by the residents
at Karak, near Zahle
- Mystery carvings at Qab Elias, near
- Hermel’s pyramid and Monastery of St.
- Ksara winery near Zahle
- Kefraya winery near Chtaura
Back to Map and Regions